Second Life

Reflections on our virtual reality projects - part 1

Our journey into virtual worlds or virtual reality research started in Second Life.

Second Life

Educators gathering in Second Life ahead of the Virtual Worlds Education Roundtable’s weekly meeting

Educators gathering in Second Life ahead of the Virtual Worlds Education Roundtable’s weekly meeting

In 2007, we started investigating the role of a three-dimensional (3D) virtual world Second Life in education - and particularly, in supporting our university’s (The Open University, UK) students who study part-time and at a distance. We found Second Life to be useful for running tutorials with our students, for one-to-one meetings with our post-graduate students and for socialisation of students who were new to the university. The educators at our university ‘met’ with educators of other institutions/countries in this environment and learned from one another in the weekly meetings of Virtual Worlds Education Roundtable.

Encouraged by our experiences in Second Life, we embarked on developing a virtual geology field trip for our second level undergraduate students as a part of their Earth Sciences module.

Virtual Skiddaw - a virtual geology field trip

Sketch points to guide sketching in the virtual geology field trip

Sketch points to guide sketching in the virtual geology field trip

Our students are sometimes unable to participate in field trips due to family constraints or due to health or time constraints. So, we were keen to provide an experience to students as if they have visited Skiddaw mountains in the Lake District. So, with the help of digital photogrammetry and 3D modelling, we have simulated the six sites of the field trip to Skiddaw mountains in this 3D environment. It is an avatar-based environment - it is multi-user - so, students can come together to carry out activities together or the tutor can come in and take them on to a field trip just as our Geologist colleague does in real life. Each avatar has a name that you enter when you log in. You can find out from here where in the six sites each of the avatars are. You can text to one another. So, the tutor can send our messages to students. This environment support individual learning, peer-to-peer learning collaborative learning and tutor-led teaching and learning.

We have not only replicated the six sites of the Skiddaw mountains but we have added features and functionality that may not be possible to experience in real life: for example, draping the maps over mountains - geological map gives an insight into the different rock structures and how they are spread over the land, or bringing up a cross-section to see the geology underneath, or being able to fly and to have a helicopter view of the whole terrain, or being able to teleport to different sites. Each site has activities - so, you can pick up a rock and look at it under the virtual microscope. Virtual microscope is an OU application which is integrated within this Skiddaw app. So, you would normally pick up a rock and take it back to the field centre to study it whereas here our students can look at the rock while they are in the field and on a particular site - so, they learn within the context itself.

Webpage of the Virtual Skiddaw field trip

Videos of the field trip on YouTube: Video 1 and Video 2

Colleagues: Brian Richardson led the production of this app. Tom Argles was our Geologist expert who guided us on how the physical field trip experience could be replicated in a virtual environment.

Smartphone-driven Virtual Reality via 360-degree photospheres and 360-degree videos

We will discuss the next two initiatives of Google Expeditions (360 degree photospheres) and VR via 360 degree videos in our journey of virtual reality in the next blog-post.

The role of Virtual Reality-based virtual field trips in supporting physical fieldwork

The authors of this blog-post are Professor Shailey Minocha and Dr Ana-Despina Tudor of The Open University, UK and Dr Steve Tilling, Field Studies Council, UK.

Audience in the Science Circle island of Second Life (picture courtesy: Chantal Snoek, Founder, Science Circle)

Audience in the Science Circle island of Second Life (picture courtesy: Chantal Snoek, Founder, Science Circle)

Taking the example of Virtual Reality-based Google Expeditions, in a presentation in the 3D virtual world, Second Life on 3 September 2016, we (Dr Ana-Despina Tudor and Professor Shailey Minocha, The Open University, UK and Dr. Steve Tilling, Field Studies Council) discussed how virtual field trips can prepare students for physical fieldwork and enhance the fieldwork experience during and after a physical field trip. Our project's details are summarised in a previous blog-post

In this Second Life talk, we presented the results from our preliminary investigations with Geography and Science educators, fieldworkers and curriculum leaders. The presentation slides are available here.

These are some of the themes that came up in the discussion:

  • significance of outdoor fieldwork in Geography and Science (the two subjects of study in our project); 
  • constraints on how physical field trips may not always be feasible because of some of these challenges: cost constraints, safety concerns, time limitations (in the school timetables);
  • cost of the VR technology - smartphones, tablets, virtual reality (VR) viewers and availability of network for smartphone and mobile-app based VR such as in the case of Google Expeditions; concerns about the affordability for schools and parents; 

Discussion quotes: 

"biggest challenges would be money, not allowing smartphones in schools (we have 1:1 laptops instead) and admin buy-in"

"If schools in the UK can find a way of providing tablets that can be used in class that would be great so we can avoid the issue of affordability of some families."

  • need of guidance or resources or lesson-plans for teachers for using such technologies in the classrooms;
  • teachers would like to create their own content but is it really feasible given the time-constraints?
  • concern about teachers having to keep pace with the ever-changing VR-landscape;
  • need for sufficient evidence on the role of VR in education and in schools for adoption.

Dr Steve Tilling, UK's Field Studies Council, said: "I'd just say that I think VR will follow a similar path to Google Earth. Slow at first, but accelerated rapidly as teachers developed their own resources. Now, 10 years later, many geographers, and some scientists, would struggle to survive without it."

Our thanks to Chantal Snoek, Founder of Science Circle, for hosting our presentation in the Science Circle island in Second Life.

We will keep you posted on our future events and research results.